CSV defined character strengths as fulfilling the majority of the ten following standards. Human character strengths are satisfying; intrinsically precious, in an ethical sense (gifts, abilities, aptitudes, and expertise can be squandered, but personality strengths and virtues cannot); non-rivalrous; not the opposite of a desired trait (a counterexample is loyal and flexible, which can be opposites but are equally commonly seen as desirable); trait-like (habitual patterns that are rather stable over time); not a combo of another personality strengths at the CSV; personified (at least in the popular imagination) by individuals made famous through narrative, song, etc.; observable in child prodigies (though this criterion is not applicable to all personality strengths); absent in some people; and cultivated by social standards and institutions.
The introduction of CSV suggests that these six merits are deemed great by the vast majority of cultures and throughout history and that these traits lead to greater happiness when practiced. Notwithstanding numerous warnings and caveats, this suggestion of universality hints that in addition to trying to broaden the reach of psychological research to include mental wellness, the leaders of the positive psychology movement are hard moral relativism and indicating that merit has a biological basis. These disagreements are in accord with the science of morality. Every one of those twenty-four character traits is defined behaviorally, with psychometric evidence demonstrating that it can be reliably measured. The publication shows that “empirically minded humanists can quantify personality strengths and virtues in a rigorous scientific method.”
Practical applications of positive psychology include helping individuals and organizations correctly identify their strengths and use them to increase and sustain their individual heights of well-being. Each attribute “provides one of several alternative paths to virtue and well-being.” Therapists, counselors, coaches, and also various other psychological professionals can use the new techniques and techniques to build and broaden the lives of individuals that aren’t necessarily suffering from emotional illness or disease.
Finally, other researchers have advocated grouping the 24 identified character traits into just four classes of strength (Intellectual, Social, Temperance, Transcendent) or even only three classes (minus Transcendence). Not only is this easier to remember, but also there is proof that these satisfactorily capture the elements of the 24 first traits.
Perspective and intellect (personified for example by Ann Landers): the coordination of “knowledge and experience” and “its deliberate use to increase wellbeing. This stands in contrast to the popular notion that wisdom increases with age.
Strengths of Wisdom and Knowledge: Cognitive strengths which involve the acquisition and skillful utilization of knowledge.
1. Creativity & Imagination [originality, ingenuity]: Believing of novel and productive ways to conceptualize and do matters.
2. Curiosity [curiosity, novelty-seeking, openness to experience]: Accepting an interest in ongoing expertise for its own sake; exploring and discovering.
3. Open-mindedness [holistic judgment, critical thinking]: Thinking things through and examining them from all sides; weighing all evidence fairly.
4. Love of learning: Mastering new skills, subjects, and bodies of knowledge, whether on your own or formally.
5. Holistic perspective [knowledge]: Being able to provide wise counsel to other people; having ways of looking at the world that make sense to oneself and to other men and women.
Strengths of Courage: Emotional strengths that involve the exercise of will to achieve goals in the face of opposition, external and internal.
6. Bravery [valor]: Not shrinking from threat, challenge, difficulty, or pain; acting on convictions even if unpopular.
7. Persistence [perseverance, industriousness]: Finishing what one begins; persisting in a course of action in spite of obstacles.
8. Integrity [credibility, honesty]: Presenting oneself in a real way; accepting responsibility for one’s feeling and actions.
9. Vitality [zest, enthusiasm, vigor, energy]: Approaching life with optimism and energy; feeling alive and motivated.
Strengths of Humanity: social strengths which involve supporting and befriending others.
10. Love & Compassion: Valuing close relations with other people, specifically those in which caring and sharing are reciprocated.
11. Kindness [Feedback, nurturance, care, compassion, altruistic love, “niceness”]: performing favors and good deeds for others.
12. Social intelligence [emotional intelligence, private intelligence]: Becoming conscious of the motives and feelings of other people and oneself.
Strengths of Justice:
13. Citizenship [social responsibility, loyalty, teamwork]: Working well as part of a team or group; being faithful to the team.
14. Fairness: Fixing all people the exact same based on notions of fairness and justice; not allowing personal feelings bias decisions about others.
15. Direction: Encouraging a set of which one is a part to get things done and at the same maintain period great relations within the bunch.
Strengths of Temperance: advantages which shield against unhealthy surplus and egotism.
16. Forgiveness and mercy: Forgiving people who have done wrong; accepting the shortcomings of others; giving people another chance; not being vengeful.
17. Humility / / Modesty: Letting one’s accomplishments speak for themselves; not regarding oneself as more special than you is.
18. Prudence: Being careful about one’s decisions; not taking undue risks; not saying or doing things that might later be regretted.
19. Self-regulation [self]: Regulating what one does and feels; being disciplined; controlling the appetites and feelings (equanimity).
Strengths of Transcendence: strengths that forge connections to the larger universe and provide meaning in existence.
20. Appreciation of beauty and excellence [awe, wonder, elevation]: Appreciating beauty, excellence, and/or skilled performance in a variety of domains of existence.
21. Gratitude: Being aware of and grateful of those fantastic things that occur; taking the time to express thanks.
22. Hope [optimism, future-mindedness, prospective orientation]: Expecting the best from the future and working to attain it.
23. Humor [playfulness]: Liking to laugh and tease; bringing smiles to others; seeing the light side.
24. Spirituality [religiousness, faith, purpose]: Having coherent beliefs about the higher purpose, the significance of life, and also the significance of the universe.